Liposuction is a popular type of cosmetic surgery, with which unwanted deposits of excess fat are removed to improve body appearance and to smooth irregular or distorted body shapes. Sometimes this procedure is called body contouring.
Liposuction may be useful for contouring under the chin, neck, cheeks, upper arms, breasts, abdomen, buttocks, hips, thighs, knees, calves and ankles.
However, this is a serious surgical procedure and may involve a painful recovery. Because liposuction can have serious or occasionally fatal complications, you should think carefully about the decision to have this surgery.
For this surgery, liposuction machine and special instruments called cannulas used. The surgical team first preps the operative site and administers either local or general anesthesia. Through a small incision in the skin, a suction pipe with sharp point within fat deposits is introduced and scanned across the area where the fat to be extracted is made. The dislodged fat is “sucked” through a suction tube. A suction pump or syringe provided large suction action. Possibly several punctures in the skin needed to treat large areas. The surgeon can address the areas to be treated from several different directions in order to achieve the best shape.
After removing the fat, you can introduce small drainage tubes into the defatted areas to remove blood and fluid that gather during the first few days after surgery areas. If you lose a lot of fluid or blood during the operation, you may need fluid replacement intravenously or, in rare cases, a blood transfusion.